The roots of the Maronites
by; Cedric Ashkar
first years of Christianity was a struggle in the storm especially that
the framework was a Roman empire in rout. The church was in full
conflict with the various worships which appeared during this time. The
new religion in consistency was to extend in the Roman influence on the
detriment of pagan; and that put the two camps in perpetual conflict.
After the victory of Constantine the Great, Christianity became
legitimate in the entire kingdom, East and West.
really complicated the formation, in particular that the Roman empire
was in a phase of decline, the brawl between the Easts
—Constantinople—and the West—Rome—deepened and it even went to the
extent of two divergent fields.
Christian child who was growing started to ask fully existentialist
questions around the trinity; the bond which explains God, Jesus and the
Holy Spirit, thus that the relation between the divine and human nature
of the son of God. It is then that the monophysite and diophysitism
divided the congregation in two groups.
diophysitism is a Greek word which wants to say two natures, and it
explains in a theological term the human nature of Jesus Christ who died
on the cross, in addition to his divine nature. That was specified
officially in the council of Chalcedony in year 451. According to this
council, Jesus-Christ is at the same time true God and true man in “only
one person and two natures, without confusion”. And then of this fact
the church was divided in two camps, the one which accepted the
proceedings of this council and others which didn’t, those are the
monophysitism tries to solve contradictions of the faith concerning the
nature of Christ. The Christian doctrines were built at the origin
around the symbol of Nicée, i.e. the recognition of consubstantiality
of the Father and the Son, just like of the human nature of Christ.
The monophysites, on the other hand, affirm that the Son has only one
nature and that it is divine, the latter having absorbed its human
nature. They reject the human nature of Christ. In that the monophysites
are opposed to the diophysites.